20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 10 Google Scholar 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Lexis Nexis Google Search access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus businesses buy buying california canada capital car carbon care career cars carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities city citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities companies company companys compared competition competitive computer concerns conference congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent design development digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments green group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovation innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest international internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market markets media member members membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services share shared sharing sharingeconomy smart society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers university urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste workers working works worlds zipcar zipcars marketing business community economy law people research social systems technology work world access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus business businesses buy buying california canada capital carbon care career carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities community companies companys compared competition competitive computer concerns conference congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent design development digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics economy electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments green group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovation innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest international internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack law laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market marketing markets media member membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation research residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services share shared sharingeconomy smart social society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping systems taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies technology theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers university urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste work workers working works world worlds zipcars car cars city company members people sharing zipcar business community design green people social world access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus businesses buy buying california canada capital car carbon care career cars carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities city citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities companies company companys compared competition competitive computer concerns conference congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent development digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics economy electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovation innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest international internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack law laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market marketing markets media member members membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation research residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services share shared sharing sharingeconomy smart society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping systems taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies technology theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers university urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste work workers working works worlds zipcar zipcars carsharing members share car cars city people sharing zipcar access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus business businesses buy buying california canada capital carbon care career carshare cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities community companies company companys compared competition competitive computer concerns conference congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent design development digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics economy electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments green group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovation innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest international internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack law laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market marketing markets media member membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation research residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services shared sharingeconomy smart social society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping systems taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies technology theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers university urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste work workers working works world worlds zipcars development business community conference design innovation international people research social systems technology world access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus businesses buy buying california canada capital car carbon care career cars carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities city citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities companies company companys compared competition competitive computer concerns congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics economy electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments green group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack law laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market marketing markets media member members membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services share shared sharing sharingeconomy smart society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers university urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste work workers working works worlds zipcar zipcars car cars city members people share sharing university zipcar access accommodation according adobe advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board books boston botsman brand brands budget building bus business businesses buy buying california canada capital carbon care career carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy collaborativeconsumption college commercial commission communication communities community companies company companys compared competition competitive computer concerns conference congestion connect consumer consumers consumption corporate corporations cost costs countries country county coworking craigslist crisis crowdfunding crowdsourcing cultural culture customer customers cycling cyclists data demand dependent design development digital discussion drive driver drivers driving economic economics economy electric emissions employees employment energy enterprise entrepreneurs entrepreneurship environment environmental etsy europe european exchange experience experiences facebook family fashion federal finance financial flexcar food ford foundation francisco friends fuel funding gas global goods governance government governments green group groups growing growth guests hardware health helmets help hertz home homes hosts hotel hotels house household housing hybrid idea ideas identity impact improve income independent indicators individual individuals industry infographic infrastructure innovation innovative instance institute institutions insurance interest international internet investment israel issue issues jeremiahowyang job jobs lack law laws leader leaders leadership learn learning legal library lifestyle limited local london lyft making manufacturing market marketing markets media member membership michigan mobile mobility model models money music national natural nature negative network networks norms offer offers office oil ondemand ondemandeconomy online opportunities opportunity organization owners ownership owning oxford p2p parking participant participants passengers past pay peer peertopeer performance period personal phone place platform platforms policy political politics popular positive possessions potential presented president press price prices privacy private problem problems process product production products programmeoxford projects property protection provide provided providers public quality que rachelbotsman rate rates reasons recent reducing reform regulation regulations regulatory relationship relationships relayrides rent rental rentals renting reputation research residents respondents retail review reviews ride riders rides ridesharing right rise risk road room rooms rules safety sales school science seats security sell service services shared sharingeconomy smart social society software space startup startups state states station stations strategy street students study success suppliers sustainability sustainable swapping systems taskrabbit tax taxi taxis team tech technologies technology theory things together toronto tourism traditional traffic transactions transport transportation travel trend trends trips trust uber ubers urban usa used user users value vancouver vehicle vehicles virtual washington waste work workers working works world worlds zipcars adobe books business collaborativeconsumption design economy international people share sharing sharingeconomy social world access accommodation according advantage advertising africa airbnb airport alternative amazon america american apartment app apple apps association avis barcelona belk benefit benefits bicycle bicycles bike bikes bikeshare bikesharing billion bixi blogs board boston botsman brand brands budget building bus businesses buy buying california canada capital car carbon care career cars carshare carsharing cash chairman challenges changes changing charging chicago china cities city citys climate clothes clothing collaboration collaborative collaborativeconomy college commercial commission communication communities community companies company